Nepal-India Relations: Challenges and Opportunities

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Nepal-India Relations: Challenges and Opportunities

Abstract: Nepal and India formally established their diplomatic ties in 1947. Though there have always been excellent socio-cultural and economic bonds between the peoples of both neighbors, the formal relation took place only after the end of the British Raj and the beginning of the Swaraj in India.  India gained its independence in 1947. Then, the republic of India sought fresh bilateral ties among the states of the world. Nepal and India signed a treaty entitled The Peace and Friendship Treaty in 1950. That further enhanced the ties on various aspects of both nations. The border issues between Nepal and India, however, have not been resolved yet. So, it’s open—the people of both neighbors can travel into each other’s territories without a visa. It has created some social maladies too; so, it needs to be regulated properly. These friendly states, in some junctures in history, have borne unpleasant memory regarding their ties. India, as one of the relatively powerful states, has imposed trade embargoes, currency regime, trade monopoly, transit hurdles and many such stumbling blocks against Nepal time and again causing severe socio-economic challenges for Nepal. As a land-locked state, Nepal still stands helpless in extending its economic ties to the outer world solely due to the agonizing trade and transit legal procedures of India. Nepal, as a sovereign state among the members of the United Nations, is entitled to enjoy all the facilities the land-locked states are provided which have been enshrined in the UN Charter and all the other statutory obligations of the international laws agreed upon in different occasions for wide-range of purposes on behalf of such states.  


Dron Prasad Lamichhane
Expert of strategic culture